A Pacifist Anarchist Peace and Justice Calendar

This is a calendar highlighting a number of important dates in progressive history. It includes the birth and death dates of pacifists, anarchists, libertarian socialists, feminists, political musicians and peace, justice and earthcare martyrs. It also includes the dates of many important events in movement history, and days of the year set aside to reflect on various progressive topics.

I have tried to strike a balance of including a fair range of people and events, but not including every tiny event of the slightest significance. I have not, for the most part, included politicians or statesmen, preferring to focus on thinkers and activists who were out of power. I hope the reader finds this listing both useful and inspiring.

January February March April May June July August September October November December

January

January 1st - Date of the commencement of the Zapatista uprising in Chiapas Mexico, in 1994.
January 2nd - Birthdate of Willi Graf, of the White Rose, in 1918.
January 3rd - Birthdate of Lucretia Mott, in 1793.
January 8th - Birthdate of A. J. Muste, in 1885.
January 9th - Birthdate of Joan Baez, in 1941; and the birthdate of Rigoberta Menchu, in 1959.
January 12th to 18th - The dates of M. K. Gandhi's final fast for peace between Hindus and Muslims, in 1948.
January 13th - Date of the death of George Fox; in 1691, birthdate of San Salvador martyr, Sr. Maura Clarke, in 1931; and the date of the death of Thomas Hurndall, in 2004.
January 14th - Birth date of Murray Bookchin, in 1921; and the date of Ammon Hennacy's death, in 1970.
January 15th - Birthdate of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, in 1809; and the birthdate of Martin Luther King Jr, in 1929.
January 19th - Date of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon's death, in 1865.
January 23rd Date of Paul Robeson's death, in 1976.
January 25th Birthdate of Rufus M. Jones, in 1863.
January 28th Date of George Woodcock's death, in 1995.
January 30th Date of M. K. Gandhi's assassination, in 1948,
January 31st Birthdate of Thomas Merton, in 1915.

February

February 2nd the date of Bertrand Russell's death, in 1970.
February 4th the birthdate of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, in 1906, and the birthdate of Rosa Parks, in 1913.
February 8th Birthdate of Martin Buber, in 1878, and the date of Peter Kropotkin's death, in 1921.
February 11th the date of A. J. Muste's death, in 1967.
February 12th date of the assassination of Sr. Dorothy Stang, in 2005.
February 15th birthdate of Susan Anthony, in 1820, and the date of what was likely the largest world-wide mobilization for peace in history, in 2003, with as many as twenty-five million people marching in the streets to oppose the pending U.S. invasion of Iraq.
February 19th birthdate of Karen Silkwood, in 1946.
February 20th birthdate of Buffy St. Marie, in 1941.
February 21st date of Malcolm X's assassination, in 1965,
February 22nd date of the executions of Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst, of the White Rose, in 1943.
February 24th the day they found the murdered body of Anna Mae Pictou Aquash, in 1976.
February 28th birthdate of Linus Pauling, in 1901.

March

March 1st Nuclear-Free and Independent Pacific Day, observed since 1954.
March 3rd birthdate of William Godwin, in 1756.
March 8thInternational Women's Day,
March 9th the day that the body of Quaker peace activist, and Christian Peacemaker Team member, Tom Fox, was found, in 2006.
March 12th the day that Gandhi began the Salt Satyagraha, or Salt March, in 1930.
March 13th date of Susan Anthony's death, in 1906.
March 14th birthdate of Albert Einstein, in 1879, the date of Karl Marx's death, in 1883, and the birthdate of Carlo Giuliani, in 1978.
March 16th the date that Alice Herz set herself on fire, in protest against the Vietnam War, in 1965, and the date of the murder of Rachel Corrie by an Israeli bulldozer in Gaza, in 2003.
March 17th birthdate of Bayard Rustin, in 1912, and the birthdate of Dudley George, in 1957.
March 21st International Day for the Elimination of Racism,
March 24th birthdate of William Morris, in 1834, and the date of Oscar Romero's assassination, in 1980,
March 25th birthdate of Rudolf Rocker, in 1873.
March 27th birthdate of Anna Mae Pictu Aquash, in 1945.
March 28th birthdate of Kent State martyr, Jeff Miller, in 1950. and the date of the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, in 1979.
March 30th birthdate of Milton Acorn, in 1923.

April

April 1st Diggers' Day, the day that Gerard Winstanley and the Diggers began living and gardening on St. George's Hill in 1649,
April 4th date of the large Good Friday peace march in Britain, in 1958, the first time the peace sign was used as a symbol, and the date of Martin Luther King's assassination, in 1968,
April 6th birthdate of Erich Muhsam, in 1878, and the day that Gandhi and the salt marchers reached the sea and broke the law by making salt, in 1930.
April 7thdate of William Godwin's death, in 1836, and the birthdate of Gustav Landauer, in 1870.
April 9th birthdate of Paul Robeson, in 1898. the date of the execution of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, in 1945, and the date of Phil Ochs' death, by suicide, in 1976,
April 10th birthdate of San Salvador martyr, Jean Donovan, in 1953, and the birthdate of Rachel Corrie, in 1979.
April 11th the day when Thomas Hurndall was shot by the Israeli Defense Forces, (and left in a coma for nine months), in 2003.
April 12th date when Abbie Hoffman was found dead of an apparent suicide, in 1989.
April 14th date of the death of Rachel Carson, in 1964.
April 18th, date of the death of Albert Einstein, in 1955.
April 20th to 22nd, dates of the Quebec City protests against the FTAA and global capitalism, involving some sixty to eighty thousand protesters, in 2001.
April 22nd, Earth Day, and the birthdate of Ferdinando Nicola Sacco, in 1891.
April 23rd date of the death of Margaret Fell, in 1702, birthdate of San Salvador martyr, Sr. Ita Ford, in 1940, and the birthdate of Kent State martyr, Allison Krause, in 1951.
April 26th Guernica Day, date of the Frankoist bombing of the town of Guernica, in 1937, Chernobyl Day, date of the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986, and the date of the assassination of Bishop Juan Jose Gerardi Conedera, in 1998.
April 30th date of the founding of the American Friends Service Committee, in 1917, and the date of the first protest by the Mothers of the Disappeared in Argentina, in 1977.

May

May 1st, the neo-pagan and ,ahref="http://www.wicca.com/celtic/akasha/beltane.htm">Celtic feast of Beltane, International Mayday, an international day honouring workers and the socialist vision, the Feast of St. Joseph the worker, and the date of the founding of the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933. May 2nd, date of the extra-judicial execution of Gustav Landauer, in 1919. May 3rd, birthdate of Pete Seeger, in 1919. May 4th, the day when four students, at four students, at Kent State Ohio, Allison Krause, Sandra Scheuer, William Schroeder and Jeff Miller, were shot and killed by the U.S. National Guard, while protesting the invasion of Cambodia, in 1970, May 5th, birthdate of Karl Marx, in 1818. May 6th, date of the death of Henry David Thoreau, in 1862. May 8th, birthdate of George Woodcock, in 1912. May 9th, birthdate of Peter Maurin, in 1877, the birthdate of Sophie Scholl, of the White Rose, in 1921, and the birth date of Daniel Berrigan, in 1921. May 14th, the date of Emma Goldman's death, in 1940. May 15th, birthdate of Utah Phillips, in 1935, the date of Peter Maurin's death, in 1949, and Nakba Day, the day when Palestinians commemorate, with sorrow, the catastrophe, the loss of land and the forced expulsion and flight of the Palestinian people that followed the founding of the state of Israel in 1948. May 17th, the date of the anti-war civil disobedience action by the Catonsville Nine, in 1968. May 18th, birthdate of Bertrand Russell, in 1872. May 19th, birthdate of Malcolm X, in 1925. May 22nd, date of the death, by suicide, of Ernst Toller, in 1939. May 23rd, date of the death of Utah Phillips, in 2008. May 24th, International Women's Day for Disarmament, (declared in 1982), and the day that the car of Earth First activist, Judy Barry, was bombed by logging company interests, injuring Judy along with another activist, though not fatally, in 1990. May 27th, birthdate of Rachel Carson, in 1907. May 28th, the day that the Sierra Club was founded in 1892, and the day that Amnesty International was founded in 1961. May 30th, birthdate of Michael Bakunin, in 1814, and the birthdate of Mississippi martyr, James Chaney, in 1943.

June

June 1st, the day that "Give Peace a Chance" was recorded by John Lennon and friends, at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel, in Montreal, in 1969, and the date of the death of Thomas Berry, in 2009. June 3rd, the day the ongoing Washington peace vigil began, in 1981, June 4th, date of the Tiananmen Square Massacre, in 1989. June 5th, birthdate of Federico Garcia Lorca, in 1898, and World Environment Day, declared in 1972. June 11th, birthdate of Bartolomeo Vanzetti, in 1888, and the date of the self-immolation of the Vietnamese Buddhist monk, Thich Quang Duc, in 1963. June 12th, the date of Medgar Evers' assassination, in 1963, the date of the death of Herbert Read, in 1968, and the date of the largest peace march in North American history, with one million people marching for peace and disarmament in New York City, in 1982. June 13th, date of the death of Martin Buber, in 1965. June 16th, date of the death of Rufus M. Jones, in 1948. June 21st, the date of the murders of civil rights activists, James Chaney, Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman, in Mississippi, in 1964. June 26th, date of the Oglala shootout on the Pine Ridge reserve, in 1975. June 27th, birthdate of Emma Goldman, in 1869. June 28th, date of the death of Edward Carpenter, in 1929, and the date of the death of Alexander Berkman, by suicide, in 1936. June 30th, birthdate of San Salvador martyr, Sr. Dorothy Kazel, in 1939.

July

July 1st, the date of Michael Bakunin's death, in 1876. July 2nd, birthdate of Medgar Evers, in 1925. July 4th, birthdate of peace activist, S. Brian Wilson, in 1941. July 7th, birthdate of Sr. Dorothy Stang, in 1931. July 10th, date of Erich Muhsam's extra-judicial execution, in 1934, and the date of the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior, in 1985. July 12th, birthdate of Henry David Thoreau, in 1817, and the birthdate of Pablo Neruda, in 1904. July 13th, date of the executions of Alex Schmorell and Kurt Huber, of the White Rose, in 1943. July 14th, the birthdate of Woody Guthrie, in 1912. July 16th, Alama Gordo Day, the day of the first atomic bomb test, in New Mexico, in 1945. July 20th, birthdate of Kent State martyr, William Schroeder, in 1950, and the date of the murder of Carlo Giuliani, by Italian police, at the Genoa protests, in 2001. July 22nd, date of the death of Errico Malatesta, in 1932. July 24th, birthdate of Ammon Hennacy, in 1893. July 27th, date of the assassination of union activist and war resister, Albert Ginger Goodwin, in 1918. July 30th, date of the death of Murray Bookchin, in 2006.

August

August 5th, birthdate of Wendell Berry, in 1934. August 6th, Hiroshima Day, the day of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima by the U.S. military, in 1945. August 9th, Nagasaki Day, the day of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki by the U.S. military, in 1945. August 11th, birthdate of Kent State martyr, Sandra Scheuer, in 1949. August 12th, date of William Blake's death, in 1827. August 15th, birthdate of Oscar Romero, in 1917. August 15th to 18th, dates of the Woodstock festival, in 1969. August 19th, date of the assassination of Federico Garcia Lorca, in 1936, and the date of the death of Linus Pauling, in 1994. August 20th, date of the death of Milton Acorn, in 1986. August 23rd, date of the execution of Sacco and Vanzetti, in 1927. August 24th, date of the death of Bayard Rustin, in 1987. August 28th, date of the march on Washington and King's "I Have a Dream." speech, in 1963. August 29th, birthdate of Edward Carpenter, in 1844.

September

September 1st, the day that an American military train, carrying arms to Central America, struck and injured peace activist, S. Brian Wilson, while he helped blockade the railway track, in 1987. September 5th, date of the founding of the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp, in 1981. September 6th to 7th, dates of the shooting and death of Dudley George, by the OPP, in 1995. September 9th, birthdate of Leo Tolstoy, in 1828, and the date of the first Ploughshares action in 1980, September 10th, date of the death of Gerard Winstanley, in 1676. September 11th, birthdate of Vinoba Bhave, in 1895, and Satyagraha Day, the day M. K. Gandhi and his colleagues initiated their first nonviolence campaign, in 1906, and the term, satyagraha, was coined, September 12th, birthdate of Leonard Peltier, in 1944, and the date of Stephen Biko's death in prison, in 1977, September 15th, date of the murder of Victor Jara, in 1973. September 16th, birthdate of Alex Schmorell, of the White Rose, in 1917. September 19th, date of the death of Rudolf Rocker, in 1958. September 21st, International Day for Peace, (observed since 1981). September 22nd, birthdate of Hans Scholl, of the White Rose, in 1918. September 23rd, date of the death of Pablo Neruda, in 1973. September 28th, birthdate of Victor Jara, in 1932.

October

October 1st, date of the shooting death of Petra Kelly, in 1992. October 2nd, birthdate of M. K. Gandhi, in 1869, and the International Day for Nonviolence, (observed since 2007). October 3rd, date of the death of William Morris, in 1896, and the date of Woody Guthrie's death, in 1967. October 4th, feast day of St. Francis of Assisi, patron saint of the environment, October 5th, birthdate of Philip Berrigan, in 1923. October 7th, date of John Woolman's death, in 1772, and the birthdate of Desmond Tutu, in 1931. October 9th, birthdate of John lennon, in 1940. October 10th, birthdate of Ken Saro-Wiwa, in 1941. October 12th, date of the execution of Willi Graf, of the White Rose, in 1943. October 15th, the date that Florence Beaumont set herself on fire, in front of the Los Angeles Federal Building, in protest against the Vietnam War, in 1967. October 16th, birthdate of Oscar Wilde, in 1854. October 19th, birthdate of John Woolman, in 1720. October 24th, birthdate of Kurt Huber, of the White Rose, in 1893, and the date of Rosa Parks' death, in 2005. October 26th, date of the death of Elizabeth Caty Stanton, in 1902.

November

November 2nd, the day that Quaker peace activist, Norman Morrison, set himself on fire in front of the Pentagon, in solidarity with the people of Vietnam, in 1965. November 6th, birthdate of Christoph Probst, of the White Rose, in 1919, and the birthdate of Mississippi martyr, Michael Schwerner, in 1939. November 8th, birthdate of Catholic Worker movement founder, Dorothy Day, in 1897. November 9th, the birthdate of Thomas Berry, in 1914, and the day Catholic Worker activist, Roger Laporte set himself on fire in front of the U.N. building in New York, in protest against the Vietnam War, in 1965. November 10th, date of the execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa and his eight comrades, in 1995. November 11th, feast day of St. Martin of Tours, who some revere as the patron saint of conscientious objectors, the date of Lucretia Mott's death, in 1880, and the date of the execution of Albert Parsons and his comrades, in 1887. November 13th, birthdate of Elizabeth Caty Stanton, in 1815, the day that a thousand Quakers formed a human chain around the Pentagon as a peace protest, in 1960, and the date of the murder of Karen Silkwood, in 1974. November 15th, date of Vinoba Bhave's death, in 1982. November 18th, date of the death of Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, in 1919. November 20th, date of Leo Tolstoy's death, in 1910. November 21st, birthdate of Alexander Berkman, in 1870. November 23rd, birthdate of Mississippi martyr, Andrew Goodman, in 1943. November 28th, birthdate of William Blake, in 1757. November 29th, birthdate of Petra Kelly, in 1947, date of Dorothy Day's death, in 1980, the birthdate of Thomas Hurndall, in 1981, and, since 1978, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, in recognition of the U.N. General Assembly partition resolution, (resolution 181), adopted on November 29th, 1947. November 30th, date of Oscar Wild's death, in 1900, birthdate of Abbie Hoffman, in 1936, and Seattle Day, the day fifty thousand protesters shut down a meeting of the WTO in Seattle Washington, in 1999.

December

December 1st, birthdate of Ernst Toller, in 1893, and the day Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat, in 1955. December 2nd, the day four American church women, Sr. Dorothy Kazel, Sr. Ita Ford, Sr. Maura Clarke, and lay worker Jean Donovan, were killed in el Salvador, in 1980, December 4th, birthdate of Herbert Read, in 1893. December 6th, the date of the Montreal Massacre, in 1989, in which fourteen women were gunned down at Ecole Polytechnique by an man who seems to have blamed his problems on women. December 6th has subsequently become a day to highlight the issue of violence against women. It is also the date of the death of peace activist, Philip Berrigan, in 2002. December 7th, birthdate of Noam Chomsky, in 1928. December 8th, the day of John Lennon's assassination, in 1980, December 9th, birthdate of Peter Kropotkin, in 1842. December 10th, International Human Rights Day, in recognition of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, by the U.N. General Assembly, in 1948. It is also the date of Thomas Merton's death, in 1968. December 12th, the day that thirty thousand women surrounded the Greenham Common missile base, in Britain, protesting the presence of the missiles, in 1982. December 14th, birthdate of Errico malatesta, in 1853. December 15th, birthdate of Chico Mendes, in 1944. December 18th, birthdate of Stephen Biko, in 1946. December 19th, birthdate of Phil Ochs, in 1940. December 22nd, date of the assassination of Chico Mendes, in 1988. December 25th, Christmas Day,the day that the birth of Jesus of Nazareth is commemorated, though the actual birth date of the historical Jesus is unknown. This was also the day of the 1914 Christmas Truce. December 29th, birthdate of Norman Morrison, in 1933. December 31st, birth date of Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, in 1846. Births without specific dates: Jerard Winstanley was born some time in 1609. George Fox was born some time in 1624. Alice Herz was born some time in 1882. Juan Jose Gerardi Conedera was born some time in 1922. Roger Laporte was born some time in 1943. Tom Fox was born some time in 1954.